Chou Wen-chung

I am concerned with single tones as musical entities, each endowed with nature by its own acoustic attributes and expressive potential. It is these microcosmic entities in a continual and multi-leveled transformation and interaction that produce the coherent flow of sonic events that we call a composition. — Chou Wen-chung (from Single tones as musical entities, 1968)

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Music Notations:

Notations and symbols, developed by Chou, for pitch and rhythmic inflections, and articulation:

Theory on Variable Modes

Chou’s variable mode theory is based on permutations in the I Ching, concept of yin-yang duality, and various modal theories of the East and West.

Chou Wen-chung’s own words